SR4 PUPs AND PREAMPS
Pre-EB & EB (Part 1)
Pre-EB Pickups (1976 - 1984)
1976 up to Circa Second half of 1977 (First Version).
Pickup from Sting Ray Bass dated Jan/Feb 1977.
Two separate coils are
wired in parallel to cancel hum.
Note that the pole pieces extend below the bottom of the pickup cover and are longer than the latter version Pre-EB pickup (further on). Each pole piece is 1 inch long and 3/8 inch diameter. The resistance of each individual coil is approx 2,400 ohms. As the pickups are wired in parallel, the total output resistance is approx 1,200 ohms.
This resistance is considerably lower than the latter version Pre-EB pickup (introduced circa early 1978) with each individual coil measuring approx 3,900 ohms resulting in a total output resistance of approx 1,950 ohms (in parallel) and fitted with pole pieces measuring a shorter 5/8 inches in length but retaining the same 3/8 inch diameter (see further on).
Note that coil windings varied due to techniques used at the time resulting in slightly different resistance readings between individual Pre-EB pickups.
Pickup cavity routing and Pickup from Sting Ray Bass.
Body date 17 June 1977. Pics courtesy of "calzone".
The main pickup cavity is routed deeper at the bottom to accommodate the extended length of the pole pieces of the two coils.
Throughout the Pre-EB
(and EB period), Sting Ray 4 pickups are passive (not active), the coils are wired in parallel and pole pieces are Alnico. The battery powers the pre-amp only.
Circa Second half of 1977 to end of Pre-EB period  (Second Version).
Above two pics showing side and bottom views of
the new pickup (from a late 1978 Bass).
Pole pieces are now
shorter (5/8 inch length) and flush with the bottom of the pickup cover. The poles remain at 3/8 inch diameter. Each coil now has a resistance of approx 3,900 ohms. Resistance of the 2 coils in
parallel gives an overall resistance of approx 1,950 Ohms.
1) Even with the introduction of the newer pickup, the older long pole pickup can still be found on some Basses up to circa early 1978.
2) Although the newer pickup has shorter pole pieces, it initially appears to have been used in conjunction with bodies having the deeper cut routing which previously accommodated the older pickup (with its longer pole pieces). Examples exist up to circa early to mid 1978. Thereafter the bodies have a single cut routing for the newer pickup (see below).
The newer short pole pickup used in a pickup cavity routed
for the older long pole pickup. Body date 31 Oct 1977.
Above two pics again showing the newer short pole pickup
used in a pickup cavity routed for the older long
pole pickup. Body date 10 Mar 1978.
The newer single cut pickup
Pic from a late 1978 Bass.
Towards the end of the Pre-EB period (circa 1983), the
pickup routing is re-shaped to the outline ot the
pickup. It is thought that this may have
coincided with the introduction of
A Carey Nordstrand pickup type "MM 4.2"
with alnico pole pieces.
The Nordstrand pickup is designed on the 1977 Pre-EB pickup (second
version) above and will fit all Sting Ray 4 Basses (Pre-EB & EB) from 1976 to present date EXCEPT for the dual pickup Sting Rays introduced in 2005 (with pickup covers similar to the Bongo
Pre-EB PREAMPS (1976 - 1984)
All Pre-EB preamps are 2 Band EQ (ie 2EQ). Although the Treble and Bass controls have no centre detent position, the preamps are CUT and BOOST. With respect to the treble control, the cut and boost takes place during normal clockwise/anticlockwise rotation of the control. The flat position is approx. mid way through rotation. On the other hand, the cut position on the bass control appears to be at the extreme anticlockwise position of rotation and begins to boost as the control is advanced clockwise from that point.
The earlier Pre-EB preamps use a 25K audio (log) taper pot for the volume control. Towards the end of the Pre-EB period it changes to a linear taper to make adjustment smoother throughout rotation (see further on). The audio taper tends to bunch the volume adjustment to the upper limit of the pot rotation. A 1Meg reverse audio (log) pot is used for treble control and 100K audio (log) pot is used for the bass control.
All Pre-EB preamps use an "LM4250CN" IC chip. The same chip is also used on all Ernie Ball 2EQ pre-amps to current date. The 3EQ option introduced by Ernie Ball at the beginning of 1987 uses a "TL062" chip.
1979 pot with code dating on the side.
Pots are code dated
on all preamps during the Pre-EB period. For example "1377626". The "137" component identifies the type of pot (a single pot rather than a stacked pot). The next two numbers identify the year ("76"
indicates 1976 as the year of manufacture). The remaining two numbers identify the week of the year ("26" indicates the 26th week of 1976 which is June). The code example "1377626" therefore
identifies the pot as being manufactured in June 1976. Pot dates do not necessarily identify the date of the preamp. As Music Man purchased pots in large quantities it’s not unusual to find pots that
are made one to two years earlier than the pre-amp itself.
1976 to early 1977 (Black Epoxy).
From 1976 to early 1977 a red/orange coloured outboard capacitor is located on the treble pot rather than being included on the circuit board itself.
Preamps are sealed in black epoxy. The IC chip is soldered direct to the circuit board. The sequence of lead-out wires from the board is completely different to subsequent Pre-EB preamps boards.
Schematic preamp wiring for 1976 and early 1977 Basses.
1977 to 1978 inclusive (Black Epoxy).
There appears to be
three versions of the preamp used during this period.
Pics of type 1.
Type 1 schematic.
Type 2. Preamps are normally attached to the pots, at
each end of the board, with material similar to that
used for the string mute pads. After time the
material can degrade. In the above picture,
the preamp has been re-attached with a
strip of mouse pad.
Type 2 schematic.
Note that the lead-out wires to the bass pot (on right) are now yellow instead of violet and have been reduced from three to two. The bottom lug of this pot is now unsoldered (as opposed to Type 1 above). Note also that the two lead out wires to the volume pot have had their colours reversed as opposed to Type 1. White now goes to the centre lug of the volume pot and black to the bottom lug.
Type 3. Webmasters 1978 preamp.
Note that the lead-out wires to the bass
pot revert back to being violet. This pre-amp appears to be the main one used towards the end of 1978.
Sept 1978. Non-Epoxy Preamps Introduced.
1979 preamp. (Pics courtesy of "freedok"). Note the red
and blue coloured Tantalum capacitors. Green and
maroon Tantalums were often used as well. On
latter preamps, Electrolytic capacitors
From Sept 1978 the
non-epoxy version of the Type 3 preamp began to replace the previous black epoxy Type 3 version. This extended over several months and existing stock of the black epoxy would
still have been used until depleted. It’s not unusual to find the black epoxy version in early 1979 Basses. Putting aside the deletion of the epoxy, the two versions are the same as each
other. Both use the same circuit board which is designated “B3”. Also the wire lead-out orientation and lead-out colours remain the same for each.
The IC chip for the non-epoxy version is now mounted to the board via an IC socket rather than soldered directly to the board itself. However, from 1984 (beginning of the Ernie Ball period) all ICs returned to being soldered directly to the circuit board. Note that some old stock Pre-EB boards may have been used during the early EB period as well.
Wiring schematic for the non-epoxy preamp is exactly the same
as for the Type 3 epoxy preamp used during
the 1977-1978 period above.
Although a switchable output jack is introduced late 1979 (or early 1980) and
referred to below, the same non-epoxy rectangular preamp and colour coding is used to the end of the Pre-EB period. It is also used by Ernie Ball from 1984 to 1990 (see further
on). From 1990 the circuit board has changed its shape several times but the 2EQ circuit itself still remains the same to current date.
Late 1979. Left-handed Introduced.
Preamp from a Feb 1980 left-handed Bass.
Courtesy of Gilles (France).
Circa late 1979 or early 1980. New switchable output jack introduced.
At left is the non-switchable jack first used with Pre-EB
preamps. The jack (right), introduced late
1979 (early 1980), disconnects the battery
when the guitar lead is removed.
Initially, all pre-amps remained permanently turned on. Removal of the guitar lead did not disconnect the battery. Current drain was considered to be low enough for the battery to last its normal shelf life whether left connected or not. A newer jack was introduced late 1979 (or 1980) to disconnect the battery. This is the position to current date.
March 1982. Introduction of Protection Resistor.
1982 schematic showing where protection
resistor is placed in
circuit. Also shown is the new switchable output jack
introduced late 1979 (or early 1980).
Reproduced with permission.
Although updated with both a protection resistor and switchable output jack , the preamp and other hookup wiring remains the same as the previous non-erpoxy preamp schematic above .
Protection resistor installed by the factory and covered
with a black plastic sleeve. Also shown is the new
switchable output jack.
The IC chip can be damaged if the guitar lead becomes short-circuited. In 1982 the addition of an out-board 1K ohm protection resistor was recommended, and subsequently used, to protect the IC chip.
Circa 2nd half of 1982. Electrolytic Capacitors Replace Tantalums.
The "LM4250CN" chip as used in the preamps (left),
Electrolytic capacitor (centre) and a
Tantalum capacitor (right).
Electrolytic (as opposed to Tantalum) capacitors appear on non-epoxied preamps from circa the 2nd half of 1982 onwards. Audiophiles believe that the electrolytic has a mellower pleasing tone.
1982. Linear Taper
Replaces Audio (Log) Taper on Volume Control.
The previous 25K audio (log) taper pot for the volume control tended to bunch the volume control adjustment to the upper limit of the pot rotation. The linear taper corrects this by allowing a smoother adjustment throughout the whole pot rotation.
1983 Volume pot with linear ("LIN") taper marked on rear.
1982. All updates of the Preamp board completed.
Final schematic with all preamp updates.
Front and rear pics of Webmasters N.O.S. 1983 preamp.
Music Man covers the protection resistor with
a black plastic sleeve prior to installation .
The Ernie Ball replacement preamp for
all Pre-EB &
EB Sting Rays up to 1990 which use the same circuit
board shape. The protection resistor is included on
the board. See EB preamps from 1984 (below).
Reproduced with permission. A schematic wiring diagram for
the M05400 replacement board directly above.
Note the violet coloured lead-out wire on the left side of the board as opposed to the "1982 To End Of Pre-EB Period" schematic (above) with yellow, yellow & yellow lead-outs. However, the preamp, the lead-out and hook up wiring sequences are the same. The protection resistor is included on the preamp board. The replacement board can also be used on all earlier Basses (including 1976 to earlt 1977 Basses) if the replacement wiring schematic is followed. All earlier Basses have the same value pots for volume, treble and bass control.
EB Pickups (From 1984)
Pre-EB pickups (above) varied individually due to winding techniques adopted at that time. Ernie Ball automated the windings to make the pickups more consistent.
As with the Pre-EB Sting Ray pickups, Ernie Ball Sting Ray 4 (SR4) pickups are passive, the coils are wired in parallel and pole pieces are Alnico. The battery powers the pre-amp only.
Similarly, as with the second version of the Pre-EB pickup from circa second half of 1977 onwards (above), pole pieces measure 5/8 inch in length with a diameter of 3/8 inch. Each coil measures approx 3,900 ohms with a total output of approx 1,950 ohms (in parallel).
From a 1987 SR4. Same Yellow and Green coloured
wires as used with the Pre-EB pickups. Courtesy
Above two pics from a 1989 SR4. Note the
change to Orange and Blue. The coils still have
no outside tape winding.
From a 1992 SR4 (courtesy "Oliver"). Wire
at right hand
side is now Green. The owner advises this pickup has no
outside tape winding on the coils. The metalic shielding
tape across the pole pieces is an after-market
modification and is not original
from the factory.
Above two pics from a 1994 SR4. Note, for first time, the
inclusion of a winding of Black tape over the coil
windings. It's unknownif this was the
case in 1993.
A more recent SR4 pickup (exact vintage unknown). As
with other pickups the Black lead-out wire is
"Ground" (earth). The White lead-out
goes to the pre-amp (input).
Mid 2003. Bevelled pole piece edges introduced.
SR4 Pickup with bevelled Alnico pole pieces. Introduced
mid 2003. In all other respects the pickup remains
the same. (Picture "Davtran").
2005 July NAMM. Dual pickups introduced.
Above. Introduced July 2005. An
SR4 with dual
Humbucker (HH) pickups. (Pic "Steve Barr").
Close-up view of dual Humbucker pickups (HH).
In addition to the
single Humbucker pickup Sting Ray 4 (SR4H), the new dual pickup Sting Rays were introduced at the July 2005 NAMM Show. Pole pieces remained Alnico with bevelled edges. The pickup covers differed
slightly to the SR4H covers in that the area on the side supporting the two height adjustment screws was one-piece (similar to the pickup covers featured on the Bongo
As well as two Humbucker pickups (SR4HH), the SR4 was also available with a combination of one Humbucker pickup and a Single coil pickup (SR4HS).
The SR4HH and SR4HS were only available with a 3 Band EQ preamp (ie 3EQ). There was no option of the 2 Band EQ preamp (ie 2EQ). However, the single Humbucker pickup Sting Ray SR4H was available with either the 2EQ or the 3EQ preamp. The Ernie Ball 2EQ is discussed below. The Ernie Ball 3EQ (introduced in 1987) is discussed further on.
July 2018. Neodymium pole pieces EXCEPT Classic Collection & Old Smoothie.
With the next generation Sting Ray Bass Special 4 (and 5), introduced in July 2018 and replacing the regular SR4 Bass (and SR5) altogrther, single and dual pickups now have Neodymium pole pieces. Included is a new re-voiced 3EQ 18 volt preamp. There is no 2EQ 18 volt preamp version nor is there a choice of having the 2EQ 9 volt preamp. However, the Sting Ray Special does not replace the Classic Collection nor Old Smoothie Sting Rays which still retain their Alnico pickups and thier related 2EQ 9 volt preamps (see further on).
EB 2EQ PREAMPS (From 1984)
The Ernie Ball 2EQ preamp (to current date) is the same circuit as the Pre-EB non-epoxy 2EQ preamp as it was at the end of the Pre-EB period. Although the IC chip "LM4259CN" remains the same, it now becomes soldered directly to the circuit board and not via an IC socket. However, some Pre-EB boards are used in very early EB Basses. The out-board protection resistor modification (from 1982) becomes relocated to the board in 1986.
Wiring of the preamp board to the pots, pickup and jack also remains the same as does the sequence (and colours) of the lead-outs from the preamp board.
The board shape changed from rectangular to crescent moon in circa 1990 but the circuit remains electrically the same to current date.
1984 to 1986 (2 band).
Ernie Ball (EB) continues with the Pre-EB 2EQ Sting Ray preamp
as it was at the end of the Pre-EB period.
A 1985 preamp. The protection resistor is covered
with a black plastic sleeve (on left).
A 1985 preamp (body date 6 Aug 1985).
The 1985 preamp (above) still has the outboard protection resistor. The red arrow shows the position of where the protection resistor is to be relocated to the preamp board in 1986.
Circa 1986 to circa 1990 (2 band).
A 1986 preamp. Protection resistor relocated
board (encircled). Neck date 24 Sept 1986. Body
date 8 Jan 1987.
The protection resistor is now relocated on the circuit board in 1986.
Schematic for the EB 2EQ preamp from 1986 to 1990.
Above two pics. Top is preamp dated 12
Nov 1987 with
black marker pen on rear of control plate. Bottom is
preamp dated 21 July 1988 with a round
on rear of a control pot.
Pre-EB preamps and early EB preamps are not dated until
early 1987. Initially this is hand written with a black marker pen on the rear of the control plate. Note that some earlier black marker pen markings don't record a date at
all. Instead, the word "OK" appears (and maybe a signature as well). Perhaps the "OK" is to indicate that the wiring has been tested and is working correctly. From circa mid 1988 the
date is recorded on a round sticker attached to the rear of either the volume or bass control pot.
Preamp dates appear to be records of when the preamp assembly is made which can be up to several months prior to the date of birth of an instrument. Sometimes preamp pots can be dated much earlier than the preamp assembly date as pots may have been purchased in large quantities. It's not unusual to find bass control pots dated 1979 on early EB preamps.
The Ernie Ball replacement preamp
for all Pre-EB & EB Sting Rays up to 1990 which use
the same board shape. The protection restor is
included on the board (encircled).
Underneath view of the replacement board. The board is
designated at the bottom with "B 3A". Note that the
last of the Pre-EB boards were designated "B 3".
As well as being designated "B 3A", three of the leadout wires on the left are violet, yellow and yellow rather than the normal three yellow wires.
Reproduced with permission. A schematic wiring diagram for
the "M05400" replacement board directly above.
Note that the leadout wire colours on the left side of the circuit board are yellow, yellow & violet. Preamps already fitted to Basses up to 1990 are yellow, yellow & yellow. Other than that, the replacement preamp is the same.
Circa 1990-Sept 2009 (2 band).
Pots used with preamps.
Up to this stage, pots have had lugs for point to point wiring (above left). From circa 1990, direct mount pots (above centre) have been used in 2 band preamps due to the circuit board design (see below). As the pot values (and tapers) remain the same, the direct mount pots can be modified for use in the earlier preamps by bending and cutting the pins (above right).
The 2EQ preamp with a new circuit board design.
From circa 1990, the 2 band pre-amp circuit board changed from rectangular to crescent moon. Note that the lug pots are replaced with direct mount pots that solder to the circuit board with pins. The circuit remains the same as the earlier preamps.
Reproduced with permission. Schematic
wiring for 2 band
preamps from circa 1990 to Sept 2009.
Sept 2009- Current (2 band).
Above two pics of the newer 2EQ preamp
in September 2009. (Pics courtesy of Mike).
The circuit remains the same and continues to use the LM4250CN chip. Although pot resistance values also remain the same, the previous larger pots are replaced by smaller "Noble" pots.
Schematic wiring for the SR4 2EQ as from 2009. This also applies
to the "Classic Collection" SR4 below.
2010 - Current. "Classic Collection" SR4 & SR5.
Preamp from a 2011 "Classic Collection" SR4. See
schematic directly above for wiring.
The "Classic Collection" SR4, SR5 and Classic Sterling all use the same 2EQ preamp and board as updated for the regular SR4 in Sept 2009 (above). The preamps are not coated with black epoxy.
2016- Current. "Old Smoothie" 40th Anniversary SR4 & Subsequent "Old Smoothie" Basses.
Black epoxy preamp used in the 2016 "Old Smoothie"
40th Anniversary & subsequent "Old Smoothie"
Sting Ray Basses.
The "Old Smoothie" SR4 is based on Sterling Ball's 1976 Pre-EB Sting Ray (B001026) given to him by Leo Fender. Although the Smoothie preamp is designed around the original 1976 preamp, it does not have the same 1976 hookup wiring but rather the same leadout colours and hookup wiring as the EB preamps from 1986 to 1990. Pot values remain the same although the pots themselves are not the physically smaller "Noble" brand as introduced in Sept 2009 (above).
Not an official "Old Smoothie" schematic but a 1986-1990 EB schematic.
This is the same wiring as the "Old Smoothie" wiring.
"Old Smoothie" is the only EB preamp to be coated with black epoxy since its deletion during the Pre-EB period.
July 2018. No more 2EQ for the SR4 (EXCEPT Classic Collection & Old Smoothie).
With the next generation Sting Ray Special light weight, introduced July 2018 and replacing the regular
SR4, the 2EQ preamp is replaced with a new re-voiced 3EQ 18 volt preamp. The control plate is now aluminium (chrome or black). The pickup now has Neodymium pole pieces rather than
Alnico. There is no 2EQ 18 volt preamp version for the Sting Ray Special and the 2EQ 9 volt preamp is not an option. The 2EQ 9 volt preamp
is now used exclusively with the "Classic Collection" Sting Ray. "Old Smoothie" has its own 2EQ 9 volt 1976 styled preamp.
Only the Classic Collection & Old Smoothie Sting Rays still retain their respective 2EQ 9 volt preamps, control plates and Alnico pickups as described and depicted above.
"Old Smoothie" is the only preamp coated with black epoxy.
EB 3EQ PREAMPS (1987 - Current)
Continued in Part 2: HERE
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